Kim Il Sung, eternal President of the DPR. Korea
-Exploits Shining in the History of the Victorious War
In the Korean war (1950-1953), which was in effect a confrontation between a rifle and an atomic bomb, the people of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and soldiers of the Korean People’s Army won victory by defeating the aggressors, who were boasting numerical and technological superiority, by dint of political and ideological, strategic and tactical superiority.
The victory was an outcome of the brilliant leadership of President Kim Il Sung, who brought up the Korean people and the Korean People’s Army soldiers to be heroes.
During the war he proposed conducting an aircraft-hunting movement to deal heavy blows to the US imperialists who were bragging about their aerial supremacy.
Later a proposal was put forward to award the title of hero to those who had shot down three enemy aircraft in a month.
At that time a conservative law specialist opposed the proposal, claiming that there were not many heroes in other countries, and that if those who had shot down three enemy aircraft in a month were awarded the title, there would be too many heroes in the country.
Kim Il Sung said: What is wrong to have many heroes in the country? 1 000 heroes mean 3 000 enemy aircraft shot down, and 2 000 heroes mean 6 000 enemy aircraft shot down; it would be a political, military and financial blow at the US imperialists; I hope that all the service personnel and people will become heroes by fighting against the US imperialists bravely.
It was a way of calculation of Kim Il Sung that the more the heroes are, the faster the revolution progresses, and the law of direct proportion acts on the relations between the number of heroes and the interests of the revolution.
Once when he met model combatants, he told them that on their return to the front they should not only fight more bravely but also make the soldiers of their units heroes and model combatants.
According to data, more than 600 soldiers became heroes during the Korean war. Of them, 5 were twice heroes, 13 women heroes, and 20 labour heroes including 2 women heroes.
There are scores of teenage heroes like 18-year-old Ri Su Bok who blocked enemy gun muzzle with his chest to make a breakthrough for his unit.
I am a young man of liberated Korea.
My life is valuable.
My hope for the brilliant tomorrow is also valuable.
But my life, my hope and my happiness are not more valuable
Than the destiny of the motherland.
What would be a more valuable life, more beautiful hope and greater happiness
Than to sacrifice my youth, the one and only life, for the one and only motherland?
There were more than 420 heroes in their twenties like Ko Hyon Bin who hoisted the DPRK flag on the rooftop of the Capitol Building of the puppet regime, and more than one hundred in their thirties and forties; and many members of the youth league became heroes.
Standing at the vanguard of the ranks of heroes were more than ten soldiers like Kim Kun Ok who recorded a miracle in the naval fight by sinking an enemy heavy cruiser and destroying a light cruiser with four torpedo boats, and Kim Ki Ok who shot down the enemy’s latest-type aircraft F-80.
In the battles to defend Wolmi Island with four guns to check a large-scale landing operation of the US 50 000 soldiers, hundreds of vessels, 1 000 aircraft and even the soldiers of the old Japanese army, the heroic soldiers of the coastal artillery unit of the KPA deterred the enemy attacks for three days, thereby contributing to implementing the strategic intention of the Supreme Headquarters.
The heroes from the services, arms and corps of the Korean People’s Army, who dedicated their youth and life during the war number more than 500 in all.
Heroes were also produced from Party and government organs, social and state security and prosecutors’ organs, rail transport sector, people’s guerrilla units, factories, enterprises and countryside.
The exploits of the heroes are handed down to posterity along with V-day, July 27.
-Cornerstone for Korea’s Reunification
President Kim Il Sung (1912-1994) of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea devoted his all to the cause of national reunification. As early as fifty years ago he illuminated the cornerstone for national reunification–the three principles of independence, peaceful reunification and great national unity, which the north and south of Korea solemnly proclaimed at home and abroad in their July 4 Joint Statement in 1972.
When he met the representative of south Korea who was on a visit to Pyongyang for north-south high-level political talks in May 1972, Kim Il Sung explained to him the main principles to be adhered to in the effort for national reunification.
As part of its efforts to realize its ambition for gaining world supremacy after the Second World War, the United States tried to dominate the Korean peninsula which is located in a geopolitically favourable position. In the long run, the Korean peninsula was divided into two by the foreign forces. After occupying south Korea, the US obstructed in every possible way the struggle of the Korean people for the reunification of their country. This historical background clearly showed that the Korean people could achieve national reunification only when they opposed the domination and interference by the US, the mastermind behind Korea’s division and biggest obstacle to its reunification, and safeguarded the principle of national independence.
Achieving the national reunification in a peaceful way is a unanimous desire of the Korean nation and a fundamental method of reunification. On the Korean peninsula where enormous armed forces of two sides face each other, an accidental confrontation may lead to an all-out war. Moreover, another Korean war that may become a thermonuclear war may result in the extinction of the nation and destruction of the world peace and security.
Although the country has been divided for several decades, the commonness as a homogeneous nation, which had been formed and consolidated over a long period of history of 5 000 years, is incomparably larger than the difference of the systems and ideologies caused by the division. If the whole nation achieves unity, gearing and subordinating everything to national reunification, they can solve any problem.
Based on these principles, Kim Il Sung ensured that the north-south joint statement whose essence is the three principles of national reunification was made public on July 4, 1972. The joint statement won the full support and approval of the entire Korean nation and broad international community and became the cornerstone for Korea’s reunification.
In 2000, a historic north-south summit meeting was held for the first time in the history of Korea’s division and the June 15 North-South Joint Declaration was adopted with the principle of By Our Nation Itself as its basic spirit. The core of the declaration was, as the phrase indicates, the three principles of independence, peaceful reunification and great national unity.
In 2018, summit meetings were held again, and April 27 Panmunjom Declaration and the September Pyongyang Joint Declaration were adopted, opening up a new phase noteworthy in the Korean people’s struggle for national reunification. The three principles for national reunification remained as an unshakable cornerstone also in these declarations.
The history clearly shows that the three principles for national reunification put forward by President Kim Il Sung are the most reasonable and realistic fundamental principles and way for Korea’s reunification.
-President Kim Il Sung and Chinsonnyo Moran
President Kim Il Sung (1912-1994) met about 70 000 foreigners and kept close relationship with many of them in his lifetime.
Among them is Chinsonnyo Moran, a daughter of a diplomat of Indonesia.
A Wish Has Come True
In April 1965 Indonesia was engrossed in excitement as Premier Kim Il Sung of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea whom the world people admired as a legendary hero was visiting the country.
Among the Indonesian officials who received him at that time was the then charge d’ affaires ad interim of the Indonesian embassy in the DPRK.
His fellow people’s praise of Kim Il Sung left a deep impression on him.
After his return to Pyongyang his wife gave birth to a daughter.
He hoped the DPRK leader would name his daughter.
Having learned about his wish, Kim Il Sung named his daughter Chinsonnyo Moran and sent him an autographic note, reading, “I recommend Chinsonnyo Moran.”
“President Kim Il Sung Is My Eternal Real Father.”
After naming her, President Kim Il Sung bestowed warm love upon her. As she grew up, her longing to see him grew more intense.
In February 1983 she wrote a letter to Kim Il Sung.
Very pleased to read her letter and see her photos, he recalled her father with deep emotion. Then he sent a reply and gifts to her and her family.
In September that year she visited the DPRK with her mother thanks to the measure taken by President Kim Il Sung.
Though he was very busy meeting many foreign delegations that were on a visit to the DPRK to attend the celebrations of the 35th founding anniversary of the DPRK (September 9, 1948), he managed to spare time for them.
When he met them the President explained the meaning of her name, saying: Chinsonnyo means friendship between the two countries and Moran, a beautiful peony flower; there is a hill named Moran which was named so because the chain of its peaks looks like a just blown peony blossom.
To Moran who expressed her gratitude Kim Il Sung said: In the future, too, we will exchange letters and stay in intimate and good terms; next time you come to my country with your father we will have a talk in a family atmosphere.
That day he had a photo taken with them and gave them his presents.
Moran said, “Today is the happiest day in my life. I think there will not be another day like this even if I live 100 more years. President Kim Il Sung, great benevolent leader, is my eternal real father.”
Seven years later, on hearing that Moran was going to be married, Kim Il Sung sent her his wedding gifts including a folding screen and material for her clothes.