ILNA: Torture, including rape and other forms of sexual violence, suffered by women and girls from Iraq’s Yazidi minority who were abducted by the ISIL armed group, highlights the savagery of the terrorists, said Amnesty International.
The Amnesty briefing ’Escape from hell - Torture, sexual slavery in Islamic State captivity in Iraq’ has provided an insight into the horrifying abuse suffered by hundreds and possibly thousands of Yazidi women and girls who have been forcibly married, “sold” or given as “gifts” to ISIL fighters or their supporters.
“Hundreds of Yazidi women and girls have had their lives shattered by the horrors of sexual violence and sexual slavery in IS captivity, ” said Donatella Rovera, Amnesty International’s Senior Crisis Response Advisor, who spoke to more than ۴۰ former captives in northern Iraq.
“Many of those held as sexual slaves are children – girls aged ۱۴,۱۵ or even younger. IS fighters are using rape as a weapon in attacks amounting to war crimes and crimes against humanity. ”
The women and girls are among thousands of Yazidis from the Sinjar region in north - west Iraq who have been targeted since August in a wave of ethnic cleansing by ISIL fighters bent on wiping out ethnic and religious minorities in the area.
The horrors endured in ISIL captivity have left these women and girls so severely traumatized that some have been driven to end their own lives. Nineteen - year - old Jilan committed suicide while being held captive in Mosul because she feared she would be raped, her brother told Amnesty International.
One of the girls who was held in the same room as Jilan and ۲۰ others, including two girls aged ۱۰ and ۱۲, said, “One day we were given clothes that looked like dance costumes and were told to bathe and wear those clothes. Jilan killed herself in the bathroom. She cut her wrists and hanged herself. She was very beautiful; I think she knew she was going to be taken away by a man and that is why she killed herself. ” The girl was among those who later escaped.
Wafa, ۲۷, another former captive, said how she and her sister attempted to end their lives one night after their captor threatened them with forced marriage. They tried to strangle themselves with scarves but two girls sleeping in the same room awoke and stopped them.
“We tied the scarves around our necks and pulled away from each other as hard as we could, until I fainted… I could not speak for several days after that, ” she told Amnesty International.
The majority of the perpetrators are Iraqi and Syrian men; many of them are ISIL fighters but others are believed to be supporters of the group. Several former captives said they had been held in family homes where they lived with their captors’ wives and children.
Many Yazidi survivors are doubly affected as they are also struggling to cope with the loss of dozens of their relatives who either remain in captivity or have been killed by the ISIL.
Randa, a ۱۶ - year - old girl from a village near Mount Sinjar was abducted with scores of her family members, including her heavily - pregnant mother. Randa was “sold” or given as a “gift” to a man twice her age who raped her.
“It is so painful what they did to me and to my family. Da’esh(the IS) has ruined our lives… What will happen to my family? I don’t know if I will ever see them again, ’ she described the impact of her ordeal to Amnesty International.
“The physical and psychological toll of the horrifying sexual violence these women have endured is catastrophic. Many of them have been tortured and treated as chattel. Even those who have managed to escape remain deeply traumatized, ” said Rovera.
The trauma of survivors of sexual violence is further exacerbated by the stigma surrounding rape. Survivors feel that their “honour”, and that of their families, has been tarnished and fear that their standing in society will be diminished as a result.
Many survivors of sexual violence are still not receiving the full help and support they desperately need.
“The Kurdistan Regional Government, UN and other humanitarian organizations who are providing medical and other support services to survivors of sexual violence must step up their efforts. They must ensure they are swiftly and proactively reaching out to all those who may need them, and that women and girls are made aware of the support available to them, ” said Rovera.
Such services should include sexual and reproductive health services as well as counselling and trauma support.